Siti Asyah Suhartinah Day

How can we create a fair and prosperous society in Indonesia, if there is no close sea connection for uitwisseling (exchange), sea relations are vital (Soekarno, 28 November 1964). Museum Bahari is a museum that stores nautical and fisherman collections from Sabang to Merauke. This building is located on the mouth bank of the Ciliwung River. During the VOC era, this building was a warehouse for storing, sorting and packing spices. The VOC itself is a Dutch trade alliance that was formed to avoid unfair competition. Spices in the form of cardamom, Javanese chilies, coriander, nutmeg and others are stored in the warehouse before being shipped to Europe via Sunda Kelapa Harbor. The spices which occupied the highest prices in the European market made the VOC the richest trading company. In addition, the spices that were sold in the European market attracted the interest of other nations such as Spain, Portugal and France to come to Nusantara. The VOC warehouse was designated as a heritage building in 1972, with its inauguration in 1977. The architecture of this historical building still maintains the architecture from the VOC era. In the front view, the building’s facade is thick-walled like a fortress. This is proof that this spice warehouse was heavily guarded by the Dutch army. The building consists of two clusters, namely the west side warehouse (Westzijdsche Pakhuizen) and the east side warehouse (Oostzijdsche Pakhuizen). The entire building cluster is painted white and has a series of large square windows with wooden openings. The door itself still maintains the arc shape, that was quite popular back in the colonial period. The anchors on the side of the building functions as an earthquake-proof construction.